Comparative Study of Religions 2012 December UGC NET Solved Question Paper III

Comparative Study of Religions 2012 December UGC NET Solved Question Paper III

1. The concept of sacred was first used by

(A) Emile Durkheim

(B) Mircea Eliade

(C) E.B. Tylor

(D) Paul Ricoeur

Answer: (A)

2. As per Durkheim Totem is not

(A) Elementary form of religion

(B) A symbol of God

(C) Sacred

(D) Profane

Answer: (D)

3. Which is a correct match?

I                                   II

a. Rudolf Otto              1. Varieties of Religious Experience

b. Paul Tillich              2. The idea of Holy

c. William James         3. The Dynamics of Faith

d. E.B. Tylor               4. Primitive Culture


       a b c d

(A) 4 3 2 1

(B) 2 1 3 4

(C) 2 3 1 4

(D) 4 2 3 1

Answer: (C)

4. Who is not an evolutionary thinker?

(A) Auguste Comte

(B) Emile Durkheim

(C) Edward Burnett Tylor

(D) James George Frazen

Answer: (B)

5. Theology is a

(A) Study of religion

(B) Science of religion

(C) Philosophy of religion

(D) Comparative study of religion

Answer: (B)

6. Which is not a form of tribel religion?

(A) Totemism

(B) Animism

(C) Magic

(D) Belief in a God

Answer: (D)

7. Which is not true statement?

(A) Religion is a need of social life.

(B) Religion is essence of life

(C) Religion is useful for human life.

(D) Religion is against human life.

Answer: (D)

8. Which statement is incorrect?

(A) Secularization is a privatisation of religion.

(B) Secularization is a definition of religion.

(C) Secularization is a neutralization of religion.

(D) Secularization is fundamentalization of religion.

Answer: (D)

9. “Religion is an ultimate concern of man” who has given this statement:

(A) Mircea Eliade

(B) Paul Ricoeur

(C) Max Weber

(D) Paul Tillich

Answer: (D)

10. Religious pluralism means

(A) Exclusivism

(B) Fundamentalism

(C) Inclusivism

(D) None of these

Answer: (D)

11. Read the following:

I                                   II

a. Hinduism                 1. Vedas

b. Sikhism                   2. Guru GranthSahib

c. Judaiasm                  3. New Testament

d. Christianity              4. Hebrew text

Find a correct combination:


       a b c d

(A) 1 2 3 4

(B) 1 2 4 3

(C) 4 2 1 3

(D) 3 2 4 1

Answer: (B)

12. Which is correct?

1. Idea of Holy – Rudolf Otto

2. Varieties of Religious Experience – William James.

3. Primitive culture – Emile Durkheim.

(A) Only 1 is correct

(B) Only 3 is correct

(C) Both 1 and 2 are correct

(D) Both 2 and 3 are correct

Answer: (C)

13. Which religion has western origin?

(A) Judaism

(B) Christianity

(C) Islam

(D) None of these

Answer: (D)

14. Religion means belief in God. Who does not believe in the above statement?

(A) Hinduism

(B) Sikhism

(C) Islam

(D) Buddhism

Answer: (D)

15. Which scripture is written by its founders?

(A) Bible

(B) Koran

(C) Vedas

(D) Guru Granth Sahib

Answer: (D)

16. Vedic hymns where revealed in the hearts of

(A) Monks

(B) Saints

(C) R. s

(D) Āchāryas

Answer: (C)

17. The concept of Vidyā-Avidyā is mentioned in

(A) Kahopani ad

(B) Iśopani ad

(C) Kenopani ad

(D) Mundakopani ad

Answer: (B)

18. Read the following:

List – I                        List – II

a. Veda                        1. Swami Sradhanand

b. Vaiśeika                  2. Goudapādāchārya

c. Nyāya                      3. Patanjali

d. Praśnopani ad         4. Kaāda

Identify the correct Author and Scripture.

(A) a and 1

(B) b and 4

(C) c and 2

(D) d and 3

Answer: (B)

19. “Brahman is the reality, World is false” is proclaimed by

(A) Bhadrāchārya

(B) Madhvāchārya

(C) Vallabhāchārya

(D) Āchārya Śankar

Answer: (D)

20. The number of Mahāpurānas is

(A) Twelve

(B) Twenty one

(C) Eight

(D) Eighteen

Answer: (D)

21. Mā Ni āda Pratihām Twamagamah Śāśwāti Samāh. Yat Krounchamithunādekamavadh h. Kamamohitam. This verse is related to

(A) Rāmāyana epic

(B) Mahābhārata epic

(C) Uttararāmacharitam

(D) Raghuvamśam

Answer: (A)

22. The author of S ra Sāgar is

(A) Ravidāsa

(B) Tulasdāsa

(C) S radāsa

(D) Kabrdāsa

Answer: (C)

23. The preachings are known by the name of “Viśitādvaita”, its preacher is

(A) Vallabhāchārya

(B) Nimbārkāchārya

(C) Mādhavāchārya

(D) Rāmānujācharya

Answer: (D)

24. In modern era social and religious reform movement begins from

(A) Fifteenth Century

(B) Sixteenth Century

(C) Eighteenth Century

(D) Nineteenth Century

Answer: (D)

25. In 1875, the Arya Samaj was founded by

(A) Rājā Rām Mohan Rāi

(B) Col. Alcott

(C) Jyotiba Phule

(D) Swām Dayānand Saraswat

Answer: (D)

26. Lord Mahavira attained Parinirvānaat

(A) Kāshi

(B) Pāvā

(C) Vaishali

(D) Ayodhya

Answer: (B)

27. Lord Pārśvanatha mainly propounded the concept of Religion.

(A) Chāturyāma Dharm

(B) Ś nyavāda

(C) Niyativāda

(D) jivakadharm

Answer: (A)

28. These are main sects of Jainism

(A) Akāli-Khālsā

(B) Heenyana - Mahayana

(C) Digambara-Swetāmbara

(D) Siya-Sunni

Answer: (C)

29. This is a Jaina Āgama text

(A) Sātrakratānga

(B) Setubandha

(C) Gahasaptasati

(D) Kadambari

Answer: (A)

30. The language of Samayasāra is

(A) Sanskrit

(B) Apabhramsa

(C) Pali

(D) ŚauraseniPrakrit

Answer: (D)

31. The Acārangasutra mainly deals with

(A) The concept of Karma theory

(B) Ten types of Religions

(C) Spiritual saying of Lord Mahaveera

(D) Vows of Householder

Answer: (C)

32. The meaning of ‘Aparigraha’ in Jainism is

(A) Non-stealing

(B) Non-attachment

(C) Non-absolutism

(D) Not telling lie

Answer: (B)

33. Abhaya Dāna is included in this group of Jaina Principles

(A) Tri atna

(B) Four kinds of Charity

(C) Six substance

(D) Seven fundamentals

Answer: (B)

34. The famous Jaina temples of Mount Abu are also known as

(A) Delawārā temples

(B) Keśariyaji temples

(C) Śāntinatha temples

(D) Gommatesh temples

Answer: (A)

35. Research Institute of Prakrit Jainology and Ahimsa is situated at

(A) Delhi

(B) Vaishali

(C) Varanasi

(D) Shravanabelagola

Answer: (B)

36. The number of omens which Siddhārtha saw before renunciation of the household life was

(A) Two

(B) Three

(C) Five

(D) Four

Answer: (D)

37. The Dhammacakkappavattana-Suttawas preached by the Buddha to

(A) Yasa

(B) Bhaddiya

(C) Sāriputta

(D) Vimala

Answer: (B)

38. The third Buddhist council was held under the chairmanship of

(A) Moggaliputta Tissa

(B) Mahākassapa

(C) Revata

(D) Yashomitra

Answer: (A)

39. The position of Samadhi in the Attáagika Magga happens to be

(A) The first

(B) The fourth

(C) The seventh

(D) The eighth

Answer: (D)

40. Sammādithi is a part of this Buddhist principle

(A) Samadhi

(B) Ratnatraya

(C) A āngikamarga

(D) Pancaś la

Answer: (C)

41. Sāchistp a is situated in

(A) Uttar Pradesh

(B) Maharashtra

(C) Madhya Pradesh

(D) Bihar

Answer: (C)

42. Nāgārjuna was the Ācārya of

(A) Vijñanavādi

(B) Ś nyavādi

(C) Vaibhaikas

(D) Sautrāntikas

Answer: (B)

43. The Nyāyabindu Text was composed in

(A) Tibetan

(B) Pali

(C) Sanskrit

(D) Prakrit

Answer: (C)

44. These are the main principles of Buddhism

(A) Anuvrata-Mahavrata

(B) Veda-Vijana

(C) Śila-Samādhi-Praña

(D) Anekāntavāda and Nayavāda

Answer: (C)

45. Buddhism was introduced in Tibet through

(A) Sri Lanka

(B) India

(C) Thailand

(D) China

Answer: (B)

46. Forerunner of Jesus Christ

(A) Mary

(B) Joseph

(C) Elizabeth

(D) John the Baptist

Answer: (D)

47. David is the author of

(A) Genesis

(B) Psalms

(C) Book of Revelation

(D) Acts of the apostles

Answer: (B)

48. Identify the chronological order of the great persons of the Bible

(A) Jacob, Abraham, Isaac, Jesus Christ.

(B) Jesus Christ, Jacob, Isaac, Abraham.

(C) Isaac, Abraham, Jesus Christ, Jacob.

(D) Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Jesus Christ.

Answer: (D)

49. Official beginning of the Protestant reformation is with

(A) Henry VIII

(B) John Calvin

(C) John Hus

(D) Martin Luther

Answer: (D)

50. The Ten Commandments were given to

(A) Moses

(B) Abraham

(C) Isaac

(D) Jacob

Answer: (A)

51. Trinity according to Christian teaching means

(A) One God in one person

(B) One God in two persons

(C) Three Gods in one person

(D) One God in three persons

Answer: (D)

52. The author of the Book ‘City of God’

(A) Karl Rahner

(B) Joseph Ratzinger

(C) St. Thomas Aquinas

(D) St. Augustine

Answer: (D)

53. The most famous mystic of the Christian religion

(A) St. Theresa of Avila

(B) St. Thomas Aquinas

(C) St. Cyril of Alexandria

(D) St. Ambrose of Milan

Answer: (A)

54. Which is the correct match?

I                                               II

a. St. Francis Xavier                1. Mannanam

b. St. Thomas                          2. Goa

c. John Brito                            3. Mylapore

d. Blessed Chavara                 4. Madurai


      a b c d

(A) 1 2 3 4

(B) 4 3 2 1

(C) 3 4 2 1

(D) 2 3 4 1

Answer: (D)

55. Father in faith of the Thomas Christians

(A) Apostle John

(B) Apostle Peter

(C) Apostle Andreas

(D) Apostle Thomas

Answer: (D)

56. The age in which Prophet Muhammad was born known as

(A) Era of Enlightenment

(B) Golden Age

(C) Era of Holy War

(D) Jahiliya Age

Answer: (D)

57. Status of Prophet Muhammad was that of

(A) Mehdi

(B) Caliph

(C) Nabi

(D) Imam

Answer: (C)

58. In pre-Islamic Arabia Daughters of Allah were

(A) Khadija, Hafsha and Fatima

(B) Hubal, Khadija and al-Uza

(C) al-Uza, al-Manat and al-Lat

(D) Hafsha, Aiysha and Fatima

Answer: (C)

59. Tauhid involves belief in

(A) Duality

(B) Trinity

(C) Monotheism

(D) Polytheism

Answer: (C)

60. Quran comprises

(A) 104 Surahs

(B) 114 Surahs

(C) 101 Surahs

(D) 144 Surahs

Answer: (B)

61. Muslims believe in

I. Jinn

II. Day of Judgement

III. Idol worship

IV. Quran


(A) I and II are correct

(B) II and III are correct

(C) III and IV are correct

(D) II and IV are correct

Answer: (D)

62. Tasawaf means

(A) Exposition of Shariat

(B) Pilgrimage to Mecca

(C) Islamic Mysticism

(D) Holy War against the Kafirs

Answer: (C)

63. Which one is not correctly matched?

(A) Mecca – Kaaba

(B) Rabia – IshaqHaqiqi

(C) Allah – Shirk

(D) Bule Shah – Kasur

Answer: (C)

64. Identify the correct matched:

(A) Sunni – Karbala

(B) SahihBukhari – Hadith

(C) Hanbali – Philosophical school

(D) Mutazilites – School of Shariat

Answer: (B)

65. Sir Sayyid Ahmed Khan was associated with

(A) Dar-ul-Ulum

(B) Ahmadiya Movement

(C) Aligarh Muslim Movement

(D) Anjum-i-Taraqi-i-Shariat

Answer: (C)

66. Which of the following institutions was established by Guru Nanak?

(A) Akal Takht

(B) Sarbat Khalsa

(C) Gurmata

(D) Dharmsal

Answer: (D)

67. The Sikhs believe in

I. Ten Gurus one spirit

II. Trinity

III. Advaita Vedanta

IV. Miri-Piri


(A) I and II are correct

(B) III and IV are correct

(C) IV and I are correct

(D) II and III are correct

Answer: (C)

68. Identify the correct match

(A) Guru Amar Das – Anand Sahib

(B) Guru Arjan – Akal Takht

(C) Guru Gobind Singh – Japuji

(D) Nand Lal – Gur Sobha

Answer: (A)

69. Janamsakhi literature deals with

(A) Exposition of Gurbari

(B) Life and Mission of Guru Nanak

(C) Sikh code of conduct

(D) Sikh-Muslim conflict

Answer: (B)

70. Arrange the followings in Chronological order:

I. Sarup Das Bhalla

II. Sukha Singh

III. Santokh Singh

IV. Sainapati


(A) I, II, III, IV

(B) II, III, IV, I

(C) IV, I, II, III

(D) III, IV, I, II

Answer: (C)

71. Khalsa code of conduct allows:

(A) Consumption of drugs

(B) Worship of Ancestors

(C) Female Infanticide

(D) Unshorn hair

Answer: (D)

72. Identify the correct order in which the following appeared:

(A) Minas, Ramraias, Sewapanthis, Udasis.

(B) Udasis, Minas, Ramraias,Sewapanthis.

(C) Sewapanthis, Ramraias, Minas, Udasis.

(D)Ramraias, Sewapanthis, Udasis, Minas.

Answer: (B)

73. Guru ManyoGranth Means belief in

(A) Personal Guruship

(B) Worship of so many Granths

(C) Mystic body of the Panth

(D) Guru Granth Sahib is the Eternal Guru

Answer: (D)

74.Gurdwara Reform Movement aimed at

(A) Creation of Sikh State.

(B) Government Control OverGurdwaras.

(C) Liberation of Gurdwaras from the control of Mahants.

(D) Sikh-Muslim collaboration.

Answer: (C)

75. Which one of the following is not associated with the Sikh Diaspora ?

(A) KamagataMaru

(B) Ghadarite Movement

(C) KhalsaDiwan Society

(D) BhaiJodh Singh

Answer: (D)